Apandi Did Not Tell the Truth on Pulau Batu Puteh Case

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Apandi said Malaysia not interested in Pulau Batu Puteh, so did not raise the issue of authority and because of that lost the case, but the truth is Malaysia submitted at length on that issue.

The Attorney-General’s Chambers (AGC) stated as “not true” a statement by former Attorney-General Tan Sri Mohamed Apandi Ali with regard to the application for revision and request for interpretation of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the case concerning the sovereignty over Pulau Batu Puteh (Pedra Branca), Middle Rocks and South Ledge.

The AGC referred to an article entitled ‘Malaysia ada bukti kukuh‘ (Malaysia has strong evidence) published on July 1, 2018, in the Mingguan Malaysia newspaper based on an interview with Apandi, and said that in the interview, Apandi stated that the ICJ had focused on the letter from the then acting state secretary of Johor, dated 1953, which was forwarded to Singapore.

“According to Tan Sri Mohamed Apandi, the letter stated that Malaysia was not interested in Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh). He said that Malaysia did not raise the issue of the authority of the acting state secretary of Johor and that Malaysia lost the case because of this reason.

Fariz Iswadi Ismail/NST

“The record shows that Tan Sri Mohamed Apandi’s statement is not true. The Malaysian delegation had submitted at length on that issue before the ICJ. The arguments made during the oral hearing of the original case can be found in the ICJ Document CR 2007/30,” the AGC said in a media statement.

It said that although the ICJ did not rule in favour of Malaysia on this issue, the ICJ in its judgment nevertheless concluded, amongst others, that it did not consider the 1953 letter as having a constitutive character in the sense that it had a conclusive legal effect on Johor i.e. Pulau Batu Puteh but rather it is a response to an enquiry seeking information.

Hence, it said, it is absolutely not true to claim that Malaysia was unsuccessful because Malaysia did not raise the issue of the authority of the then acting state secretary of Johor.

Pulau Batu Puteh is located 7.7 nautical miles off the coast of Johor’s Tanjung Penyusuh.


On Apandi’s statement that the ICJ had not made any decision in respect to South Ledge (Tubir Selatan), the AGC said Malaysia and Singapore had established a Joint Technical Committee tasked to implement the 2008 judgment.

The judgment stated that the sovereignty over the place would belong to the state in the territorial waters where it is located.

The AGC said the hearings for the Application for Revision and Request for Interpretation were fixed from June 11 to 22 at the Peace Palace in The Hague.

It said that after the formation of the new Pakatan Harapan Government subsequent to the 14th General Election, and with Apandi (the Agent for Malaysia in the Application for Revision and Request for Interpretation) on garden leave, the matter was brought to the attention of Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad for instructions.

The AGC said one of the three international consultants and the two local lawyers appointed by Apandi were instructed to brief the Prime Minister on the matter in May 2018.

“During the briefing, Dr Brendan Plant, representing the international consultants, maintained and reiterated their collective written opinions dated January 2017.

“The two local lawyers, Datuk Abu Bakar As-Sidek Mohamed Sidek and Datuk Firoz Hussein Ahmad Jamaluddin (who have been working directly and closely with Apandi) did not contradict the opinion of Dr Plant,” the statement read.

Also present during the briefing were representatives from the AGC and Wisma Putra.

The AGC said Dr Mahathir decided it would be best to discontinue the proceedings after he considered the views that were presented to him, along with other national interest matters – including costs.

The prime minister’s decision was subsequently reported to the new Cabinet at its first meeting on May 23, where it was also endorsed.

The decision, including its grounds was also conveyed to the Sultan of Johor Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar.