Contrary to his comments earlier this week, Finance Minister Tengku Zafrul Abdul Aziz has “clarified” that Putrajaya can use the Emergency Ordinance to compel banks to allow a blanket loan moratorium.
However, doing so would cost the government and possibly result in far-reaching implications.
His explanation came after critics panned his reasoning for why the government did not include it in its latest Pemerkasa Plus stimulus plan.
DAP secretary-general Lim Guan Eng today questioned him over his statement that the government will have to compensate banks if it compels them to give out automatic loan moratoriums to the M40 income group.
Lim said the banks’ history of reaping high profits, and the fact that they are giving automatic loan moratoriums for B40 borrowers — with no news of compensation received from the government — means they can do the same for the M40.
“Don’t forget and let the M40 fall just like that, because the banking industry is able to bear the cost of automatic loan moratoriums to M40 borrowers,” Lim said in a statement.
Tengku Zafrul had reportedly said that according to Section 5 of Emergency (Essential Powers) Ordinance 2021 the government will need to provide compensation for any resources that it requests during the Emergency.
He said the compensation the government would have to give banks if it compels them to provide automatic loan moratoriums for the M40 would be too costly, and he would rather use the funds to help the public in other ways.
“If this is true, why banking institutions can bear the cost of automatic loan moratorium for B40 borrowers without any compensation from the government, but not for M40 borrowers?” he asked.
Lim also pointed out that the banking industry had recorded after-tax profits of RM32.3 billion in 2019 and RM23 billion in 2020.
“It is obvious that banking institutions are capable of performing corporate social responsibility with such high profits.
“During an economic recession, it is necessary and desirable that the financial problems of borrowers are shared along with banking institutions that posted such good profits throughout 2019 and 2020,” he wrote.
According to Tengku Zafrul, fighting the Covid-19 pandemic is more of a marathon than a sprint and providing a blanket moratorium would be like using a sledgehammer to crack a nut.
He questioned the need to deploy “more resources than necessary” when the journey ahead could potentially be both long and challenging.
“Knowing that those who need temporary relief have options and those who can afford it have resumed repayments, is a blanket moratorium a smart thing to reinstate, particularly when we know we must optimise our resources?” he wrote in a commentary published in The Star.
He described a blanked moratorium as an “unnecessary self-destructive, over-specified solution” that he likened to “cutting off our nose to spite our face”.
On his being quoted in the media recently as saying that the government cannot compel banks to give a blanket moratorium, Tengku Zafrul said this was subsequently taken out of context by “opportunistic quarters promoting their populist agenda”.
He said that the Central Bank of Malaysia Act and the Financial Services Act does not provide the finance minister with the authority to instruct the banks to give an automatic moratorium.
Further, he said under the current Emergency Ordinance, any new legislation has to be approved by the Cabinet and then presented to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong for royal assent.
He said even if the government decided to play the “populist card” and force the country’s business community to reimpose measures such as a blanket moratorium, the risk would be investors’ confidence being affected in Malaysia’s policies for the long term.
As the rule of law is necessary for a stable market, the government’s indiscriminate invoking of emergency powers might result in parties being forced to break or amend contracts, which would in turn seriously impact future business and investments, Tengku Zafrul said.
He said this might also have far-reaching implications which might lead to a run on the country’s capital markets and cause an outflow of funds which could, in turn, affect the ringgit’s value and increase the cost of doing business collectively, causing grave, long-term repercussions to the nation’s economy.
“We already have a public health and economic crisis to manage; why throw a potential financial and banking crisis into the mix?” he asked.
He said it is “neither fair nor responsible for the government to take all these risks just for the sake of enabling a blanket moratorium for everyone, particularly when we know that at least 80% of borrowers do not need it and banks are already giving or offering targeted assistance to borrowers that really require this relief”.
Recalling the first national lockdown under the movement control order last year, Tengku Zafrul said at that time, little was understood of the virus and, with vaccines still a pipe dream, no one in the world knew how to contain it.
During that period, the government dished out various measures, including a six-month automatic blanket moratorium that Bank Negara Malaysia and the banking sector agreed to provide for all borrowers.
“Everyone enjoyed it, from the B40, M40 and T20, to businesses, big and small. Whether they needed it or not, the rich, the elite, big corporates and even companies recording massive profits, benefitted,” he said.
After the moratorium ended in September 2020, about 85% of borrowers resumed repayments, which Tengku Zafrul said is “a strong indication that most Malaysians were able to continue paying their borrowings”.
Since then, he said, the banking sector has strategically focused on the 15% of borrowers who are struggling, by offering options of between a three-month moratorium or a six-month 50% reduction in repayment, which were extended through subsequent aid packages.
He said a good number of borrowers have also been granted other repayment options specific to their financial circumstances.
“Thus far, we have channelled over RM200 billion in assistance, benefitting 20 million Malaysians and 2.4 million businesses,” he said, adding that the country’s growth rate of 6% in March 2021 signalled a good economic recovery.
“More than RM100 billion worth of ongoing measures are still available from previous packages to support the people, businesses and the economy,” the minister said.
Bringing back a blanket moratorium would end up hurting the public itself as the key investors or largest shareholders of banks in Malaysia are actually public institutions.
“It is the general rakyat who ‘own’ the banks. Ultimately, it is the rakyat who will get lower dividends from EPF, Amanah Saham Bumiputera (a fund under PNB) or Tabung Haji, etc, if banks suffered losses through a blanket moratorium,” he said.
He added that part of his responsibility as a finance minister is to avoid decision-making based on narrow short-term interests meant to serve a populist agenda and do what is right for the people, the country’s market stability and long-term benefit.